To prevent the spread of fake news:
Stop sharing content that you don't know is true.
Break out of your information bubble
Seek out news from a variety of sources.
Use different search engines
Try using different search engines, as search engines are not neutral.
Know that fake news and biases exist
Be critical of your own personal, moral and political biases when reading information or news. Don't get suckered into immediately agreeing with information that matches your personal belief set.
Develop a healthy dose of skepticism
When reading anything, even from traditional news sources, be skeptical. Look for information, photos, language that is meant to sway you to a particular point of view. Even when reading something from a traditional news source or something that your favourite aunt, nephew or child shares with you.
Try to verify what you are reading from other sources. Look for those elements that indicate that what you are reading may be fake.
Question language, social conventions, and taboos being used to define issues and problems
How does your news outlet refer to or describe conflict/issues? Inflammatory words, polarizing positioning, stereotypes or imagery.
Give breaking news stories time to develop
The full story takes time to report accurately. Breaking news stories will often get the facts wrong. Give time for a story to be discovered. Hold off on your opinions and judgment on a story until more information is known to reporters.
Is the article missing citation, references, or links?
Is the author's name missing? If listed, are they trustworthy?
Spelling or grammatical errors found in the text.
Can you find similar article on the Internet?
Does the headline not match the content of the article?
Some alternatives to Google are:
DuckDuckGo - doesn't collect or store any of your personal information. It is a perfect choice if you wish to keep your browsing habits and personal inforamtion private.
CC Search - if you are on the hunt for various types of copyright-free content. It is a good search engine if you need music for a video; an image for a blog post, ...etc. , providing that you are attributed the works of the artists or creators.
Ecosia - is like any other search engine, with one major difference: they use their profits to plant trees.
Startpage - Founded in 1998 as Ixquick.com which later rebranded to Startpage.com.