Skip to main content

APA Referencing: Paraphrasing/Quoting

Paraphrasing and Quoting

For most assignments, we will need to read and then write about other writers' work on a subject and also come to our own conclusions. If you paraphrase or summarise a point made by another author, you require only the author(s) and date. The page no(s) is also included if we are making a direct quote.


Examples of paraphrasing
O’Shannessy, Minett, and Hyde (2008) indicate that tourism can be a multi-faceted word…
Weaver (2006) believes having reliable information for data measurement in tourism is possible; there are simple procedures to collect this type of data. However as the destination is getting larger so will the difficulty in compiling an accurate database.
Example of a direct quote
There are distinct differences between teams and groups within the workforce, groups are people who have been brought together who share commonalties, however teamwork is “the collective effort of all team members to achieve the team’s common goals” (O’Shannessy & Minett, 2008, p. 101).

More Information

For more examples on in-text references, reference list entries, paraphrasing and quoting, please view our extended APA referencing guide. Alternatively seek help from teachers within your relevant subjects, learning advisors or LRC staff.

© Learning Resource Centre, William Angliss Institute. 555 La Trobe Street, Melbourne, Victoria, 3000phone (03) 96062237e-mail: