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APA Referencing: Websites


This category includes information about online references.

The template for references from the Internet only includes four pieces of information (author, date, title, and source).

The format description in brackets below is only used when the format is something out of the ordinary, such as a blog post, otherwise it's not necessary.

  • When citing electronic material, include as many of the details as possible (as per example below). 
  • Where there is no author, use the title in place of the author’s name in-text and in the reference list entry.
  • If there is no date on the website use the term n.d. (no date) in both the in-text citation and reference list.
Format for a reference list:-
Author, Initial. (Year). Title of document. [Format description]. Retrieved from http://URL


Website with group author

In-text example

Tourism Research Australia (2015)…


…(Tourism Research Australia, 2015)

Reference list example

Tourism Research Australia. (2015). Step 2: Identify your target audience. 

     Retrieved from


Website with no author

To determine authorship, look at the website to see who may be responsible; it may be just one person or a group author. Group authors could be entities, such as governments, companies, organizations or associations.

In some cases we may find that there is truly no apparent author of a website. In this instance the website is referenced as having ‘no author’.

For example, it can be difficult to determine authorship for wiki entries or other unattributed website content.

Where there is no author for a website/webpage, the title of the website/webpage moves to the first position of the reference entry (i.e. the authors’ position).

In-text example

“Wikitravel: Travellers’ pub.” (2018)…


 …(“Wikitravel: Travellers’ pub,” 2014).

Use “double quotation” marks around the title of the webpage. 

Reference list example

Wikitravel: Travellers’ pub. (2018). Retrieved from

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